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GLAUCOMA: EARLY DETECTION IS THE KEY TO SAVE VISION

In glaucoma or ‘kala motia’, the optic nerve of the eye gets damaged due to an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) or decreased blood flow to eye which causes decrease in the area of vision.

It’s important to treat this condition immediately as any loss of vision that occurred due to optic nerve damage cannot be reversed. The difficult part of this disease diagnosis is it never shows any symptoms in early stages.

Thus, it is always advisable for the individuals, with the family history of glaucoma, or whoever is at risk of developing this condition, to get their eyes examined regularly.

Glaucoma, like any other chronic conditions such as Diabetes or hypertension, can easily be controlled with proper medication and follow up.

TYPES OF GLAUCOMA:

  1. OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA

This form of Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve which gradually leads to vision loss. This condition is totally painless. The outflow mechanism of eye is open.

  1. ANGLE-CLOSURE GLAUCOMA

In this type of glaucoma outflow mechanisms are closed. In Indian population, it is the most common type of glaucoma.  Some of the common symptoms of this condition are severe pain in eyes, distorted vision, headache, vomiting, etc, but it can be asymptomatic also. Gonioscopy is needed to be done to see whether the patient has open or closed angle glaucoma.

  1. SECONDARY GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma due to previous intraocular surgery or any other eye condition or use of steroids is called secondary glaucoma.

WHEN TO GO FOR GLAUCOMA CHECK-UP?

Every individual over 40 yrs. of age should go for annual comprehensive eye checkup by an ophthalmologist

If you are experiencing any of the following conditions, do check with ophthalmologist:

  • Diabetes or Hypertension
  • Family history of eye disease
  • Trauma to eye
  • On steroids or antidepressants
  • Pain and redness in eyes
  • Blurred, double and reduced vision
  • Headache and vomiting
  • Cloudy cornea
  • Hard to adjust to dim light
  • Watery eyes
  • Dry eyes

 

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