Every child deserves to see the world clearly and live a normal healthy life. The little eyes need special care and Pediatric Ophthalmology at Sharp Sight (Group of Eye Hospitals) deals with special vision care needs of your young ones. Here, we have a sub-specialty facility to provide treatment for a multitude of children’s ophthalmological problems. In the case of children, vision disorders need to be treated at the right time to avoid any severe complications. This is why detection of eye problems at early stages are important.
Generally, children eye problem is treated with prescribing spectacles to correct minor vision error and misaligned eyes such as Squint or Amblyopia.
WATCH OUT FOR THESE SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN:
- Bad performance in school especially, while copying notes from the blackboard
- Regular headache
- Family history of eye disorder/infections
Yet, there are certain eye diseases which remain unnoticed and may cause a permanent visual impairment in the child in the future. It is, therefore, recommended getting your child’s (below the age of 3 years) complete eye check-up done, annually.
SERVICES OFFERED AT SHARP SIGHT’S PEDIATRIC WING:
- Advanced treatment for Squint, Double Vision, Amblyopia or Lazy Eye, etc.
- Refraction in young children
- General eye problems such as Eye Sore and Lump on the Eyelids, etc.
- Glass vision and low vision aids
- Allergic eye conditions and other eye infections
- Complete surgical care for Pediatric eye conditions
- Second-opinion consultations, diagnosis, and treatment for common disorders such as Cataracts, Glaucoma, etc.
WHAT IS SQUINT (STRABISMUS)?
Squint or Strabismus is a condition when one eye turns or wanders in such a way that it does not work in alignment with the other eye. Normally, when we look at an object our eyes point and focus in the same direction. But, if a child has Squint, one eye may focus in one direction, while the other eye turns either inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards. Squints may also cause double vision or lazy eye (Amblyopia). Though Squints can develop at any age, they are more commonly seen in kids and the presence of Squint means that the child’s eyes will lose its ability to work together and to achieve the 3-D vision.
WHAT CAUSES SQUINT IN CHILDREN?
The connection and coordination between the eyes and brain that causes visual pathway usually build up as the child grows. And, this development generally takes place until the tender age of 8 years. So, when the eye muscles fail to work in a balanced or coordinated way, it causes Squint.
SQUINT IS GENERALLY CAUSED DUE TO:
- Refractive Errors: Refractive errors like short-sightedness, long-sightedness and Astigmatism can be a common cause of Squint.
- Family History: Some Squints are a result of genetic make-up. If a parent has/had a Squint, there are more chances for the child to have this condition.
- Premature Childbirth: Children born before 32 weeks may be at the risk of developing Squint.
- Eye Problems: Certain eye problems such as congenital cataract or retinal damage can also lead to Squint.
SQUINT IS COMMONLY CATEGORIZED AS LISTED BELOW:
- Constant squint: When Squint is prominent and is visible all the time
- Intermittent squint: When the squint condition of eyes is not visible all the time
- Infantile squint: When Squint is noticed during the initial one year after birth.
- Acquired Squint: When Squint develops at later stages in a child
- Esotropia: When the eye turns inwards towards the nose.
- Exotropia: When the eye turns outwards.
- Hypertropia: When the eye turns upwards.
- Hypotropia: When the eye turns downwards.
If Squint is not diagnosed or treated during the early years, then it can cause a permanent defect. Therefore, it is advisable to get your child’s comprehensive eye check-up done, annually especially before enrolling the child in a school.